新控煙法午夜生效

發佈: 2011-12-31 07:14 |  作者: leo2007 |   查看: 10036次

  《新控煙法》明日生效,屆時絕大部分的室內及公共場所將全面禁煙。衛生局副局長鄭成業表示,衛生當局的各項控煙工作準備就緒,保障新法全面實施。違反禁煙規定者最高罰款六百元;禁煙場所管理人未有在場所當眼處張貼禁煙標誌,將被罰款一至十萬澳門元。他相信通過廣泛宣傳教育,加強吸煙者的守法意識,將可減少吸煙人數,創設無煙環境。

  場所失責受重罰

  鄭成業表示,禁煙場所管理人有責任確保場內張貼禁煙標誌,否則被罰款一至十萬澳門元;違反禁煙規定者最高被罰款六百澳門元,執法不會有酌情權或寬限期。近日所見,本澳大部分禁煙場所經已貼上禁煙標誌,呼籲仍未貼標誌的場所盡快貼上標誌。此外,部分場所祇在門外貼上禁煙標誌,應在場內貼上標示。

  他不諱言,社會各界對新控煙法期望甚殷,有居民甚至憧憬新法生效後,吸煙者立時街頭絕跡,非吸煙者不再受二手煙害。但觀乎本澳及鄰近地區多年的控煙經驗,控煙是一項持久的工作,永遠有人吸煙,亦有人在禁煙場所違法吸煙,只有透過執法,才會減少違法者、吸煙者,減少非吸煙者受二手煙的傷害。

  不定時突擊搜查

  其中,宣傳教育佔新控煙法的極重要部分,“教育為主、執法為輔”,通過廣泛宣傳,加強吸煙者的守法意識,戒掉煙癮,創設無煙環境。就坊間普遍關注的執法問題,鄭成業重申吸煙過程短暫,控煙督察接獲通知後,難以即時到場檢控違法者。參考香港經驗,當局會記錄違法實況,隨之進行不定時的突擊搜查,打擊違法行為。

  至於遊戲機中心、酒吧及網吧等場所吸煙情況普遍,且晚間光顧者衆,有何執法部署措施?控煙辦主任李兆田表示,控煙辦將與相關部門聯合行動,持續、不定時派員巡查,檢控違法行為。此外,當局已印製五百萬張宣傳單張,設英文及葡文、繁體及簡體三款式樣,與治安當局合作,派發給每位入境旅客,了解禁煙地點及相關罰則。

  教育為主減煙害

  就最新的吸煙人口調查顯示,總體吸煙人口與○八年相若,且有年輕化及女性化趨勢。李兆田指調查僅數字統計,並非原因性調查,當局正研究相關因由。切實推行控煙工作,絕非“開一張罰單”便解決,需開展綜合的措施,包括嚴格執法、增加煙稅、持之以恆的宣傳教育等,讓居民認識吸煙的危害。

  她指出,宣傳教育包含各個年齡層,不會特別突出青少年組群及強調預防青少年吸煙,因為予人“細個唔好食,但大個可以吸煙”的錯覺,避免出現控煙反效果。為加強控煙推廣,當局即將推出的控煙廣告,通過小朋友在會議室、巴士站張貼禁煙標誌的行為,表達煙害的影響,以及控煙為下一代着想的重要性。透過小朋友勸喻親友戒煙,推行無煙家庭計劃。

  鄭成業相信,絕大部分的吸煙人士知法守法,吸煙與非吸煙者應該互相尊重、包容。新控煙法並無歧視吸煙人士,吸煙者應在法定地點吸煙,避免非吸煙者受二手煙傷害。他希望通過持續的控煙宣傳工作,懲教兼施,減少吸煙人數,建立無煙社會。


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